DISEASE, WHAT IS THIS?
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|Gum disease or periodontal disease, it's an
illness, that affects gums and bone supporting structures
of teeth. The primary stage of this disease is known as
gingivitis. The gums are red, inflammed, and bleed
easily. Later, it can become periodontitis, with
irreversible damage on the gum tissue and the supporting
structures of the teeth.
The gum disease is the main cause of adult loss teeth and it affects three of four people during their life.
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE
The main cause of gum disease is the bacterial plaque, a colorless, sticky film, that is constantly on the teeth. The daily cleaning of the mouth is essential to remove this plaque and maintain a healthy mouth.
The general health of the body is another important factor on gum disease. Illness that affects the immune system, like leukemia and AIDS, worsen the gum disease. Uncontrolled diabetes makes gum disease more severe and difficult to treat.
Your dentist can design a personalized plan of oral hygiene for you, adapted to your special needs. If he or she detects some problem, you are going to be refered to a periodontist for an evaluation.
A healthy gum.
A severe illness stage is
illustrated in the photo below.
|Bibliography:||AAP Patient Page, january/february
2002, Vol.3, No.1
Guidelines for Periodontal Therapy, Journal of Periodontology 2001;72:1624-1628